The FINANCIAL -- Evidence
that Britain tapped the phone calls of American diplomats in the
interwar years has been uncovered by an historian at the London School
of Economics and Political Science (LSE) it was revealed.
While examining newly released materials at the National Archives over the summer, Dr Antony Best – Senior Lecturer in International History – discovered the transcript of a telephone call between an American official in London and the Secretary of State in Washington.
The official, Norman Davis, was the leader of the American delegation to a conference on limiting UK, US and Japanese naval forces which took place in 1934. The transcript had clearly been made without the individuals’ knowledge.
“Britain was clearly tapping the phones of the American embassy in peacetime. And it’s highly likely that we would have been treating other foreign embassies in the same way. So while the current furore over the claims that the US has been spying on its friends is understandable, it’s really nothing new,” Dr Best said.
“This is the only piece of evidence that I know of that demonstrates that this was British practice in peacetime. It raises interesting questions about interwar diplomacy, because while we are aware that Britain was, at the time, reading the diplomatic telegrams of countries such as Japan, Italy and France, there is little in the public domain about spying on foreign embassies," he added.
The document that Dr Best discovered was contained in a new release of papers from the Permanent Under-Secretary’s Department at the Foreign Office covering the years from 1939 to 1945. These revealed the kind of intelligence activities that Britain engaged in during wartime, including phone-tapping and the opening of diplomatic bags. It appears that this document, which only contains the date ’22 November’, was released on the assumption that it came from 1939, but it is clear from its context that it must have been from 22 November 1934.
Dr Best's main fields of research interests lie in Anglo-Japanese relations, the origins of the Pacific War and intelligence and International history.