The FINANCIAL -- Shionogi-ViiV
Healthcare LLC announced that initial results have been received
from the Phase III SINGLE study of the investigational
integrase inhibitor dolutegravir in treatment-naïve adults with HIV-1.
As GlaxoSmithKline reported, the study demonstrated superiority of the dolutegravir-based regimen compared to the single tablet regimen Atripla. At 48 weeks, 88% of study participants on the dolutegravir regimen were virologically suppressed vs. 81% of participants on the single tablet regimen Atripla. Differences in efficacy were primarily driven by a higher rate of discontinuation due to adverse events on the Atripla arm. The SINGLE study was designed to demonstrate non-inferiority of the dolutegravir-based regimen versus Atripla, and the primary analysis met this criterion. Statistical superiority was concluded as part of a subsequent, pre-specified testing procedure.
SINGLE is an ongoing double blind, double dummy study designed to compare the efficacy and safety of two antiretroviral regimens: dolutegravir 50mg plus abacavir/lamivudine versus Atripla. The primary endpoint was the proportion of study participants with undetectable HIV-1 RNA at 48 weeks; 414 treatment-naïve study participants were randomised and exposed to the dolutegravir-based regimen and 419 to the Atripla arm. Overall, 2% of subjects on the dolutegravir-based regimen discontinued due to adverse events vs. 10% of those receiving the Atripla regimen. The most common drug related adverse events on Atripla were in the nervous system System Organ Class, while the most common drug related adverse events on the dolutegravir-based regimen were in the gastrointestinal system organ class.
“Taken together with the results of the SPRING-2 trial, the SINGLE findings suggest that, if approved by regulators, a treatment regimen containing dolutegravir may offer people living with HIV an important additional first line option in the future” said Dr. Tsutae "Den" Nagata, Chief Medical Officer, Shionogi & Co., Ltd.
“This study represents an important milestone in the development of dolutegravir-based regimens, including a single-tablet regimen, and also for the Shionogi-ViiV Healthcare joint venture. We look forward to receiving further safety and efficacy data from two Phase III studies in treatment experienced patients to continue to build a comprehensive picture of the role of dolutegravir in the treatment of HIV” said Dr John Pottage, Chief Medical Officer, ViiV Healthcare.