The FINANCIAL — Research commissioned by HSBC shows that 61% of investors and 48% of issuers around the world have an Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) strategy in place – yet wide geographical differences exist.
Among issuers, Europe (87%) and the UK (87%) set the pace, particularly among corporates with over USD$10 billion turnover. Hong Kong registers 13%, followed by the US at 21%. For investors, the widest disparity exists between Europe (85%) and Asia (40%).
ESG Decision Drivers
Discussion with 1,731 companies and institutional investors reveals that financial returns and tax incentives are the top two ESG decision drivers across all issuers and the majority of investors. Pension funds and sovereign wealth investors (SWFs) state regulation as their number two driver, behind financial returns. Clear geographical differences again exist. Companies with USD$10 billion turnover in China and Hong Kong list supply chain initiatives as their number two driver for ESG financing. In Europe, the UK and Canada company policy, strategy, ESG goals and stakeholder pressure top the list.
Allocation of Funds
Companies are consistent in their use of proceeds raised, with 66% citing internal investments to make their business greener such as new plant and machinery, or new renewable power sources. One outlier is China, with almost 9% stating green M&A.
Encouragingly, 67% of issuers and 57% of investors see no barriers to increasing their ESG commitments. Fewer than 10% of investors currently have dedicated ESG investment funds, but they expect these will grow 22% over the next year. Of those who do see barriers, 58% cite inconsistency of ESG definitions as the inhibitor. This is the number one barrier for issuers globally and the highest for investors across Europe and the UK. Investors also cite lack of investment opportunities, exacerbated by low data quality.
Low TCFD Awareness
While international regulation is cited as the number one reason to increase disclosure levels globally, only 8% of issuers and 10% of investors are aware of the TCFD’s existence. The TCFD is the task force that has worked to develop a set of clear and consistent global recommendations for corporate disclosure around climate risk. For issuers specifically, only the UK (20%) and Canada (11%) have double digit levels of awareness. This is led largely by companies with USD$10 billion turnover.