Eli Lilly Tops Earnings Views, Lifts Guidance 

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The FINANCIAL — Eli Lilly and Company on October 22 announced financial results for the third quarter of 2015.

Certain financial information for 2015 and 2014 is presented on both a reported and a non-GAAP basis. Some numbers in this press release may not add due to rounding. Reported results were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and include all revenue and expenses recognized during the period. Non-GAAP measures exclude the items described in the reconciliation tables later in the release. Non-GAAP measures in 2014 include the results of Novartis Animal Health as if the acquisition and the financing for the acquisition had occurred as of January 1, 2014. Non-GAAP financial measures for all periods presented also exclude amortization of intangibles primarily associated with costs of marketed products acquired or licensed from third parties. The company’s 2015 financial guidance is also being provided on both a reported and a non-GAAP basis. The non-GAAP measures are presented to provide additional insights into the underlying trends in the company’s business, according to Lilly.

“We are pleased with our strong third-quarter results, which reflect the ongoing actions we are taking to grow revenue and increase productivity while we are replenishing and advancing our pipeline with an array of new, innovative therapies,” said John C. Lechleiter, Ph.D., Lilly’s chairman, president and chief executive officer. “Despite headwinds from foreign exchange rates, we are benefiting from recent launches as well as our acquisition of Novartis Animal Health earlier this year.”

“This quarter, we had higher sales volume for several key products, including recently launched Cyramza and Trulicity. We also launched several new products in various global markets, including Synjardy in the U.S. for type 2 diabetes. Promising pipeline momentum continued with encouraging news for baricitinib and abemaciclib, while Jardiance reported positive cardiovascular outcomes. Finally, we continued to create new collaborations and pursue smaller-scale acquisitions to bolster our pipeline and our product portfolio.”

Looking forward, Lechleiter noted that Lilly could have a regulatory submission and/or decision for multiple potential new medicines in the next 18 months – reinforcing the company’s confidence in its innovation-based strategy and in its ability to grow revenue and expand margins over the balance of this decade.

Key Events Over the Last Three Months

Commercial

The company launched Basaglar, a basal insulin product, in Japan, the UK, Germany and other European markets. Basaglar is part of the Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly and Company Diabetes Alliance.

The company launched Trulicity in Japan as a treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Regulatory

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Synjardy® (empagliflozin and metformin hydrochloride) tablets and the product was launched in the U.S. for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. Synjardy is part of the Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly and Company Diabetes Alliance.

The FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to abemaciclib for patients with refractory hormone-receptor-positive advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Breakthrough Therapy Designation is designed to expedite the development and review of potential medicines that are intended to treat a serious condition, and preliminary clinical evidence indicates that the treatment may demonstrate substantial improvement over available therapy on a clinically significant endpoint.

Clinical

The company and Boehringer Ingelheim announced positive results from a long-term clinical trial investigating cardiovascular (CV) outcomes for Jardiance in adults with type 2 diabetes at high risk for CV events. Jardiance is the only diabetes medicine to have demonstrated a significant reduction in both cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular death in a dedicated outcomes trial.

The company will terminate the Phase III trials of evacetrapib for the treatment of high-risk atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease due to insufficient efficacy.

The company and Incyte Corporation announced positive top-line results for baricitinib, an investigational medicine for patients with moderately-to-severely active rheumatoid arthritis.

The third Phase III study evaluating safety and efficacy of baricitinib met its primary objective of demonstrating non-inferiority of baricitinib monotherapy to methotrexate monotherapy based on ACR20 response rate after 24 weeks of treatment. Additionally, baricitinib was superior to methotrexate based on ACR20 response.

The fourth Phase III study of baricitinib met its primary objective of demonstrating superiority compared to placebo after 12 weeks of treatment based on ACR20 response rate. Baricitinib was also superior to adalimumab in improving signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis as measured by ACR20 response and improvement in the DAS28-hsCRP score after 12 weeks of treatment.

Business Development/Other

The company announced external innovation agreements with:

AstraZeneca to expand their existing immuno-oncology collaboration exploring novel combination therapies for the treatment of patients with solid tumors. The company and AstraZeneca will evaluate the safety and efficacy of a range of additional combinations across the companies’ complementary portfolios.

ImaginAb Inc. to conduct preclinical research studying potential novel T-cell-based immuno-oncology therapies.

Innovent Biologics, Inc. to expand their collaboration to support the development and potential commercialization of up to three anti-PD-1 based bispecific antibodies for cancer treatments over the next decade, both inside and outside of China.

The company acquired worldwide rights from Locemia Solutions to a Phase III intranasal glucagon, a potential treatment for severe hypoglycemia in people with diabetes treated with insulin.

Bristol-Myers Squibb transferred its Erbitux commercialization rights to Lilly in North America.

The company entered into a settlement agreement to resolve patent litigation with Sanofi regarding the company’s insulin glargine product, Basaglar. As a part of the agreement, Lilly and its alliance partner, Boehringer Ingelheim, will have the ability to launch Basaglar in the U.S. on December 15, 2016. Under the terms of the agreement, Sanofi granted Lilly a royalty-bearing license so Lilly can manufacture and sell Basaglar in the Kwikpen device globally.

The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana ruled that the Alimta® vitamin regimen patent would be infringed by the generic challengers’ proposed products. The patent provides intellectual property protection for Alimta until May 2022.

The Japan Patent Office issued a notice of closure in the trial regarding the validity of Lilly’s vitamin regimen patent for Alimta. We expect a written decision upholding the patent validity in the coming weeks. This is the first of two decisions pending. If the patents are ultimately upheld through all challenges and appeals, they would provide intellectual property protection for Alimta in Japan until June 2021.

The company plans to add 30,000 square feet and approximately 50 new jobs to its research and development presence at the Alexandria Center for Life Science in New York, New York. Upon completion in 2016, this space will include a translational immuno-oncology hub and a Lilly “portal,” which will provide local academic scientists with opportunities for collaborative access to cutting-edge drug discovery capabilities.

Third-Quarter Reported Results

In the third quarter of 2015, worldwide revenue was $4.960 billion, an increase of 2 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. The revenue growth included an increase of 12 percent due to increased volume, largely offset by decreases of 8 percent due to the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and 2 percent due to lower prices. The 12 percent increase in volume was primarily due to the inclusion of revenue from Novartis Animal Health and increased volume for several products, including the U.S. Evista authorized generic, Cyramza and Trulicity. These worldwide volume increases were partially offset by lower demand for Cymbalta due to the U.S. patent expiration in December 2013. Revenue in the U.S. increased 14 percent to $2.538 billion, due primarily to higher volume, partially offset by lower prices. The U.S. price decrease was driven by a lower price for the Evista authorized generic, which more than offset higher prices for other products. Revenue outside the U.S. decreased 9 percent to $2.422 billion, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by the inclusion of revenue from Novartis Animal Health and increased volumes for the majority of pharmaceutical products.

Gross margin increased 3 percent to $3.723 billion in the third quarter of 2015, as the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates on cost of sales, including the impact on international inventories sold, the inclusion of Novartis Animal Health and increased contribution from recently launched products were largely offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates on revenue. Gross margin as a percent of revenue was 75.1 percent, an increase of 1.1 percentage points compared with the third quarter of 2014. The increase in gross margin percent was primarily due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates on international inventories sold, partially offset by the inclusion of Novartis Animal Health.

Operating expenses in the third quarter of 2015, defined as the sum of research and development and marketing, selling and administrative expenses, were $2.719 billion, a decline of 7 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. Research and development expenses decreased 8 percent to $1.143 billion, or 23.1 percent of revenue, driven primarily by a 2014 charge associated with the termination of tabalumab development, and to a lesser extent foreign exchange rates, partially offset by the inclusion of Novartis Animal Health. Marketing, selling and administrative expenses decreased 6 percent to $1.576 billion, due to a 2014 charge associated with the Branded Prescription Drug Fee and foreign exchange rates, partially offset by the inclusion of Novartis Animal Health and expenses related to new product launches.

There were no acquired in-process research and development charges in the third quarter of 2015. In the third quarter of 2014, the company recognized acquired in-process research and development charges totaling $95.0 million related to collaboration agreements with Immunocore Limited and AstraZeneca.

In the third quarter of 2015, the company recognized asset impairment, restructuring and other special charges of $42.4 million. The charges primarily relate to integration costs for Novartis Animal Health and severance costs. In the third quarter of 2014, the company recognized asset impairment, restructuring and other special charges of $36.3 million, primarily severance, associated with cost-containment efforts and costs related to the then pending acquisition of Novartis Animal Health.

Operating income in the third quarter of 2015 was $961.3 million, an increase of 71 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014, driven by higher gross margin, lower operating expenses and lower acquired in-process research and development charges.

Other income (expense) was income of $86.5 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared with income of $93.5 million in the third quarter of 2014.  Other income during the third quarter of 2015 was driven by net gains on investments. Other income during the third quarter of 2014 was driven primarily by net gains on investments and income from milestones earned.

The effective tax rate was 23.7 percent in the third quarter of 2015, compared with 23.6 percent in the third quarter of 2014. The 2015 effective tax rate reflects the impact of an increased percentage of forecasted earnings in higher taxed jurisdictions. The 2014 effective tax rate reflects the impact of a $119.0 million nondeductible charge associated with the U.S. Branded Prescription Drug Fee. Neither period includes the benefit of certain expired U.S. tax provisions, including the R&D tax credit.

In the third quarter of 2015, net income and earnings per share both increased 60 percent to $799.7 million, and $0.75, respectively, compared with $500.6 million and $0.47, respectively, in the third quarter of 2014. The increases in net income and earnings per share were driven by higher operating income.

Third-Quarter 2015 Non-GAAP Measures

On a non-GAAP basis, worldwide revenue was $4.960 billion in the third quarter of 2015, a decline of 4 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. The revenue decline included decreases of 8 percent due to the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and 2 percent due to lower prices, largely offset by an increase of 7 percent due to increased volume. The increase in volume was primarily due to the U.S. Evista authorized generic, as well as Cyramza and Trulicity, partially offset by lower demand for Cymbalta. U.S. revenue increased 11 percent to $2.538 billion, due primarily to higher volume, partially offset by lower prices. The U.S. price decrease was driven by a lower price for the Evista authorized generic, which more than offset higher prices for other products. Revenue outside the U.S. decreased 15 percent to $2.422 billion, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by increased volumes for the majority of pharmaceutical products.

Gross margin remained relatively flat at $3.861 billion in the third quarter of 2015, as the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates on cost of sales, including the impact on international inventories sold, and increased contribution from recently launched products were offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates on revenue. Gross margin as a percent of revenue was 77.8 percent, an increase of 3.0 percentage points compared with the third quarter of 2014. The increase in gross margin percent was due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates on international inventories sold.

Operating expenses in the third quarter of 2015 were $2.683 billion, a decline of 7 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. Research and development expenses decreased 10 percent to $1.143 billion, or 23.0 percent of revenue, driven primarily by a 2014 charge associated with the termination of tabalumab development, and to a lesser extent the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates. Marketing, selling and administrative expenses decreased 5 percent to $1.540 billion, due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by expenses related to new product launches.

Other income (expense) was income of $86.5 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared with income of $59.3 million in the third quarter of 2014.

The effective tax rate increased 1.6 percentage points compared to the third quarter of 2014 to 24.9 percent, due to an increased percentage of forecasted earnings in higher taxed jurisdictions.

Net income and earnings per share both increased 22 percent to $949.6 million and $0.89 respectively, compared with $781.2 million and $0.73, respectively, in the third quarter of 2014. The increases in net income and earnings per share were driven by higher operating income.

Year-to-Date Results

For the first nine months of 2015, worldwide revenue increased 1 percent compared to the same period in 2014 to $14.583 billion. Reported net income and earnings per share were $1.930 billion and $1.81, respectively. Net income and earnings per share, on a non-GAAP basis, were $2.828 billion and $2.65, respectively.

Humalog

For the third quarter of 2015, worldwide Humalog sales remained flat at $705.0 million compared with the third quarter of 2014. Sales in the U.S. increased 6 percent to $440.9 million, driven by higher prices and, to a lesser extent, increased demand. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 9 percent to $264.1 million, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by increased volume.

Alimta

For the third quarter of 2015, Alimta generated sales of $628.5 million, a decline of 13 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. sales of Alimta decreased 7 percent to $296.7 million, driven by decreased volume due to increased competitive pressures and customer buying patterns. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 18 percent to $331.8 million, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and, to a lesser extent, lower prices, partially offset by increased volume.

Cialis

Cialis sales for the third quarter of 2015 remained flat at $566.1 million compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. sales of Cialis were $313.3 million, a 25 percent increase compared with the third quarter of 2014, driven by higher prices and, to a lesser extent, increased volume. Sales of Cialis outside the U.S. decreased 21 percent to $252.8 million, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Forteo

Third-quarter 2015 sales of Forteo were $348.9 million, a 5 percent increase compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. sales of Forteo increased 26 percent to $160.1 million, driven by higher prices and increased volume. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 8 percent to $188.8 million, due to the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by increased volume.

Humulin

Worldwide Humulin sales of $316.7 million for the third quarter of 2015 decreased 6 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. sales increased 12 percent to $185.5 million, driven by higher prices. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 23 percent to $131.2 million, driven by decreased volume, primarily due to the loss of a government contract in Brazil, and the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Cymbalta

For the third quarter of 2015, Cymbalta generated $242.9 million of sales, a decline of 34 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. Sales of Cymbalta outside the U.S. were $218.3 million, a decline of 27 percent, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and the loss of exclusivity in Europe in 2014.

Zyprexa

In the third quarter of 2015, Zyprexa sales totaled $237.9 million, a decline of 8 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. Zyprexa sales outside the U.S. decreased 20 percent to $191.0 million, due primarily to the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Strattera

During the third quarter of 2015, Strattera generated $196.9 million of sales, an increase of 3 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. sales increased 7 percent to $128.8 million, driven by higher prices. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 4 percent to $68.1 million, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, largely offset by increased volume.

Effient

Effient sales remained flat at $132.1 million in the third quarter of 2015 compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. Effient sales increased 7 percent to $106.3 million, due to higher prices, partially offset by decreased demand. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 19 percent to $25.8 million, driven primarily by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Evista

Evista sales for the third quarter of 2015 were $58.0 million, a decline of 35 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. sales of Evista were $15.5 million as sales of the authorized generic led to increased volume and lower prices. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 22 percent to $42.5 million, driven primarily by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Animal Health

In the third quarter of 2015, worldwide animal health sales totaled $778.8 million, an increase of 33 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014. U.S. animal health sales increased 25 percent to $392.6 million, and animal health sales outside the U.S. increased 42 percent to $386.2 million. The increases were primarily driven by the inclusion of revenue from Novartis Animal Health.

Including the sales of Novartis Animal Health in 2014, worldwide animal health sales decreased 9 percent, U.S. sales increased 1 percent, and sales outside the U.S. decreased 18 percent. The increase in U.S. sales was driven by increased volume in food animal products, partially offset by decreased volume in companion animal products. The decline in sales outside the U.S. was driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and to a lesser extent decreased volume, primarily in companion animal products, partially offset by higher prices. Including the sales of Novartis Animal Health in 2014 and excluding the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, worldwide animal health sales decreased 2 percent.

2015 Financial Guidance

The company has revised certain elements of its 2015 financial guidance on a reported basis and on a non-GAAP basis. Full-year 2015 earnings per share are now expected to be in the range of $2.40 to $2.45 on a reported basis. On a non-GAAP basis, full-year 2015 earnings per share are now expected to be in the range of $3.40 to $3.45.

The company still expects 2015 revenue of between $19.7 billion and $20.0 billion.

The company still expects gross margin as a percent of revenue will be approximately 74.5 percent on a reported basis. On a non-GAAP basis, gross margin as a percent of revenue is still expected to be approximately 78.0 percent, reflecting the exclusion of inventory step-up costs associated with the acquisition of Novartis Animal Health as well as amortization of intangibles.

Marketing, selling and administrative expenses on a reported basis are now expected to be in the range of $6.4 billion to $6.6 billion. On a non-GAAP basis, marketing, selling and administrative expenses are now expected to be in the range of $6.3 billion to $6.5 billion. Research and development expenses are now expected to be in the range of $4.6 billion to $4.8 billion.

Other income (expense) is now expected to be in a range between $50 million and $75 million of income on a reported basis, reflecting net gains on investments realized to date, partially offset by the net charge related to the repurchase of debt. On a non-GAAP basis, other income (expense) is now expected to be in a range between $200 million and $225 million of income, reflecting net gains on investments realized to date.

The 2015 tax rate is now expected to be approximately 16.5 percent on a reported basis and 21.5 percent on a non-GAAP basis, reflecting the impact of an increased percentage of forecasted earnings in higher taxed jurisdictions. Both rates assume a full-year 2015 benefit of the R&D tax credit and other tax provisions up for extension. If these items are not extended, the non-GAAP 2015 tax rate would be approximately 1.5 percentage points higher.

Capital expenditures are now expected to be approximately $1.1 billion.

The company’s 2015 financial guidance, on a reported basis, does not include the potential impact of the recent acquisition of worldwide rights to an intranasal glucagon from Locemia Solutions.

 

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