In 2021, of the 197 million households in the EU, approximately one quarter had children living with them (24%).
Source dataset: lfst_hhnhtych
Among these households with children, those with one child were the most common (49% of households with children). Meanwhile, 39% had two children and 12% had three or more children. Around 13% of households with children consisted of single parents (6 million households), accounting for 3% of all households.
Employment differences between women with and without children
In 24 EU Member States, the share of part-time employment among employed women aged 25-54 with children was larger than that for women without children. Among these countries, the gap was largest in central and western EU Member States, such as Germany (34.0 percentage points), Austria (32.3 pp) and the Netherlands (27.3 pp). In general, smaller gaps were recorded in eastern EU Member States.
Source dataset: lfst_hhptety
In contrast, the share of part-time employment among employed women aged 25-54 without children was larger than that for women with children in Denmark (with 2.7 pp), Portugal (2.3 pp) and Latvia (1.8 pp).
While some Member States reported smaller gaps in part-time employment between women with and without children, women with children had a significantly lower employment rate than those without in most countries. For example, while Romania only recorded a very small difference between part-time employed women with children and without children (0.2 pp), it was among the Member States with the largest gaps between the employment rate of women with children and those without (10.8 pp).
It should also be noted that part-time employment is significantly dependent on the level of education. This topic is further developed in the article on employment characteristics of households (link below).