The UK HPI shows house price changes for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

UK House Price Index for April 2022

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The April data shows:con average, house prices have risen 1.1% since March 2022; there has been an annual price rise of 12.4% which makes the average property in the UK valued at £281,161.

England

In England, the April data shows on average, house prices have risen by 0.8% since March 2022. The annual price rise of 11.9% takes the average property value to £299,249.

The regional data for England indicates that:

  • the South West experienced the greatest increase in its average property value over the last 12 months with a movement of 14.1%
  • the East Midlands saw the most significant monthly price fall with a movement of -0.5%
  • the North West experienced the greatest monthly growth with an increase of 2%
  • London saw the lowest annual price growth with an increase of 7.9%

Price change by region for England

Region Average price April 2022 Annual change % since April 2021 Monthly change % since March 2022
East Midlands £237,904 12.4 -0.5
East of England £344,943 11.9 0.4
London £529,829 7.9 1
North East £155,215 10.7 0.1
North West £208,867 13.3 2
South East £382,791 11.9 -0.3
South West £318,610 14.1 1.9
West Midlands £242,145 11.8 0.5
Yorkshire and the Humber £201,806 12.1 1.6

Repossession sales by volume for England

The lowest number of repossession sales in February 2022 was in the East of England.

The highest number of repossession sales in February 2022 was in the North West.

Repossession sales February 2022
East Midlands 2
East of England
London 5
North East 9
North West 14
South East 7
South West 1
West Midlands 5
Yorkshire and the Humber 8
England 51

Average price by property type for England

Property type April 2022 April 2021 Difference %
Detached £471,335 £412,898 14.2
Semi-detached £286,099 £252,705 13.2
Terraced £243,702 £218,787 11.4
Flat/maisonette £247,652 £231,535 7
All £299,249 £267,500 11.9

Funding and buyer status for England

Transaction type Average price April 2022 Annual price change % since April 2021 Monthly price change since March 2022
Cash £279,934 11.6 0.9
Mortgage £308,839 12 0.7
First-time buyer £248,670 11.2 0.9
Former owner occupier £342,893 12.5 0.7

Building status for England

*Building status Average price April 2022 Annual price change % since April 2021 Monthly price change % since February 2022
New build £411,551 24.7 7.3
Existing resold property £287,900 9.4 1

*Figures for the 2 most recent months are not being published because there are not enough new build transactions to give a meaningful result.

London

London shows, on average, house prices have risen by 1% since March 2022. An annual price rise of 7.9% takes the average property value to £529,829.

Average price by property type for London

Property type April 2022 April 2021 Difference %
Detached £1,088,765 £968,326 12.4
Semi-detached £682,453 £617,624 10.5
Terraced £574,983 £528,479 8.8
Flat/maisonette £443,216 £417,905 6.1
All £529,829 £491,221 7.9

Funding and buyer status for London

Transaction type Average price April 2022 Annual price change % since April 2021 Monthly price change since March 2022
Cash £552,525 8.9 2
Mortgage £522,806 7.6 0.8
First-time buyer £457.433 7.1 0.9
Former owner occupier £608,664 8.9 1.2

Building status for London

*Building status Average price April 2022 Annual price change % since April 2021 Monthly price change % since February 2022
New build £589,878 17.1 8.1
Existing resold property £522,538 6.6 1.4

*Figures for the 2 most recent months are not being published because there are not enough new build transactions to give a meaningful result.

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Wales

Wales shows, on average, house prices have risen by 2.2% since March 2022. An annual price rise of 16.2% takes the average property value to £211,990.

There were 4 repossession sales for Wales in February 2022.

Average price by property type for Wales

Property type April 2022 April 2021 Difference %
Detached £326,907 £276,995 18
Semi-detached £205,379 £176,134 16.6
Terraced £164,838 £142,411 15.7
Flat/maisonette £133,082 £121,359 9.7
All £211,990 £182,377 16.2

Funding and buyer status for Wales

Transaction type Average price April 2022 Annual price change % since April 2021 Monthly price change % since March 2022
Cash £205,194 16.2 2.4
Mortgage £215,967 16.3 2.2
First-time buyer £182,306 15.8 2.3
Former owner occupier £246,945 16.8 2.1

Building status for Wales

*Building status Average price April 2022 Annual price change % since April 2021 Monthly price change % since February 2022
New build £310,372 30.9 5.7
Existing resold property £200,287 13.7 -0.4

*Figures for the 2 most recent months are not being published because there are not enough new build transactions to give a meaningful result.

UK house prices

UK house prices increased by 12.4% in the year to April 2022, up from 9.7% in March 2022. On a non-seasonally adjusted basis, average house prices in the UK increased by 1.1% between March and April 2022, up from a decrease of 1.3% during the same period a year earlier (March and April 2021).

The UK Property Transactions Statistics showed that in April 2022, on a seasonally adjusted basis, the estimated number of transactions of residential properties with a value of £40,000 or greater was 106,780. This is 12.1% lower than a year ago (April 2021). Between March and April 2022, UK transactions decreased by 3.9% on a seasonally adjusted basis.

House price growth was strongest in the South West where prices increased by 14.1% in the year to April 2022. The lowest annual growth was in London, where prices increased by 7.9% in the year to April 2022.

See the economic statement.

The data is accurate. However, this release may be subject to increased revisions as we add more data over the coming months.

Background

  1. We publish the UK House Price Index (HPI) on the second or third Wednesday of each month with Northern Ireland figures updated quarterly. We will publish the May 2022 UK HPI at 9:30am on Wednesday 20 July 2022.
  2. We have made some changes to improve the accuracy of the UK HPI. We are not publishing average price and percentage change for new builds and existing resold property as done previously because there are not currently enough new build transactions to provide a reliable result. This means that in this month’s UK HPI reports, new builds and existing resold property are reported in line with the sales volumes currently available.
  3. The UK HPI revision period has been extended to 13 months, following a review of the revision policy. This ensures the data used is more comprehensive.
  4. Revision tables are available for England and Wales within the downloadable data in CSV format.
  5. HM Land Registry, Registers of Scotland, Land & Property Services/Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency and the Valuation Office Agency supply data for the UK HPI.
  6. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) and Land & Property Services/Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency calculate the UK HPI. It applies a hedonic regression model that uses the various sources of data on property price, including HM Land Registry’s Price Paid Dataset, and attributes to produce estimates of the change in house prices each month. Find out more about the methodology used from the ONS and Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency.
  7. We take the UK Property Transaction statistics from the HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) monthly estimates of the number of residential and non-residential property transactions in the UK and its constituent countries. The number of property transactions in the UK is highly seasonal, with more activity in the summer months and less in the winter. This regular annual pattern can sometimes mask the underlying movements and trends in the data series. HMRC presents the UK aggregate transaction figures on a seasonally adjusted basis. We make adjustments for both the time of year and the construction of the calendar, including corrections for the position of Easter and the number of trading days in aparticular month.
  8. UK HPI seasonally adjusted series are calculated at regional and national levels only.
  9. The first estimate for new build average price (April 2016 report) was based on a small sample which can cause volatility. A three-month moving average has been applied to the latest estimate to remove some of this volatility.
  10. The UK HPI reflects the final transaction price for sales of residential property. Using the geometric mean, it covers purchases at market value for owner-occupation and buy-to-let, excluding those purchases not at market value (such as re-mortgages), where the ‘price’ represents a valuation.
  11. HM Land Registry provides information on residential property transactions for England and Wales, collected as part of the official registration process for properties that are sold for full market value.
  12. The HM Land Registry dataset contains the sale price of the property, the date when the sale was completed, full address details, the type of property (detached, semi-detached, terraced or flat), if it is a newly built property or an established residential building and a variable to indicate if the property has been purchased as a financed transaction (using a mortgage) or as a non-financed transaction (cash purchase).
  13. Repossession sales data is based on the number of transactions lodged with HM Land Registry by lenders exercising their power of sale.
  14. For England, we show repossession sales volume recorded by government office region. For Wales, we provide repossession sales volume for the number of repossession sales.
  15. Repossession sales data is available from April 2016 in CSV format. Find out more information about repossession sales.
  16. We publish CSV files of the raw and cleansed aggregated data every month for England, Scotland and Wales. We publish Northern Ireland data on a quarterly basis. They are available for free use and re-use under the Open Government Licence.
  17. HM Land Registry’s mission is to guarantee and protect property rights in England and Wales.
  18. HM Land Registry is a government department created in 1862. Its ambition is to become the world’s leading land registry for speed, simplicity and an open approach to data.
  19. HM Land Registry safeguards land and property ownership worth in excess of £8 trillion, including over £1 trillion of mortgages. The Land Register contains more than 26 million titles showing evidence of ownership for some 87% of the land mass of England and Wales.
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