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UK: Approved COVID-19 vaccines and countries with approved COVID-19 proof of vaccination

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What you need to do when you travel to England depends on whether you qualify as fully vaccinated or not.

To qualify under the fully vaccinated rules for travel to England, you must have been fully vaccinated with a full course of an approved vaccine under:

  • the UK or UK overseas vaccination programme
  • the United Nations vaccine programme for staff and volunteers
  • an approved programme in one of the countries or territories listed below

You can still travel to England if you do not qualify as fully vaccinated but you must follow different rules.

There are also different rules if you have been in a red list country or territoryin the last 10 days and you may not be allowed to enter England.

Approved vaccines

You must have had a complete course of one of the following vaccines at least 14 days before you arrive in England:

  • Oxford/AstraZeneca
  • Pfizer BioNTech
  • Moderna
  • Janssen

The day you have your final dose does not count as one of the 14 days.

Formulations of these vaccines, such as AstraZeneca Covishield, AstraZeneca Vaxzevria and Moderna Takeda, also qualify as approved vaccines.

2 dose vaccines

If you were vaccinated with a 2 dose vaccine (Moderna, Pfizer BioNTech, Oxford AstraZeneca, or a combination of them), you must have had both doses to be considered fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.

This applies in all cases, even if you’ve recently recovered from COVID-19 and have natural immunity.

Those who have had COVID-19 and have only had one dose of a 2 dose vaccine must follow the rules for unvaccinated arrivals.

Where 2 doses of a vaccine are required for a full course, you can:

  • mix 2 different types of vaccine from the above list, for example Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna
  • have the 2 vaccinations under 2 different approved programmes, for example Australia and Japan, UK and USA, France and Canada

Single dose vaccines

If you had an approved one dose vaccine (the Janssen vaccine), you are fully vaccinated.

Proof of vaccination

You must be able to prove that you’ve been fully vaccinated under a vaccination programme with approved proof of certification.

There are several ways to prove vaccination status:

Vaccine certificates only

If you use a vaccine certificate as proof, it must be issued by a national or state-level public health authority, be in English, French or Spanish, and include as a minimum:

  • your forename and surname(s)
  • your date of birth
  • vaccine brand and manufacturer
  • date of vaccination for every dose
  • country or territory of vaccination and/or certificate issuer

Countries with an approved proof of vaccination and examples of proof required

List of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination for travel to England and examples of proof of vaccination.

If you were vaccinated in a country or territory that is not on this list, or with a vaccine that is not listed, you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated.

If you have been in a red list country or territory in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules. You must do this whether you qualify as fully vaccinated or not.

Country or territory Examples of proof that you’ve been fully vaccinated with an approved vaccine
Akrotiri and Dhekelia Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Albania Vaccine certificate.
Andorra EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Angola Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Anguilla Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Antarctica/British Antarctic Territory Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Antigua and Barbuda Vaccine certificate.
Argentina Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Armenia Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Australia Vaccine certificate.
Austria EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Azerbaijan Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
The Bahamas Vaccine certificate.
Bahrain Vaccine certificate.
Bangladesh Vaccine certificate.
Barbados Vaccine certificate.
Belgium EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Belize Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Bermuda Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vaccine certificate.
Botswana Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Brazil Vaccine certificate.
British Indian Ocean Territory Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
British Virgin Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Brunei Vaccine certificate.
Bulgaria EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Cambodia Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Canada Vaccine certificate.
Cayman Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Chile Vaccine certificate.
Colombia Vaccine certificate.
Costa Rica Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Croatia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Cyprus EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Czech Republic (Czechia) EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Denmark EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Djibouti Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Dominica Vaccine certificate.
Egypt Vaccine certificate.
Estonia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Eswatini Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Falkland Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Finland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
France EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Georgia Vaccine certificate.
Germany EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Ghana Vaccine certificate.
Gibraltar Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Greece EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Grenada Vaccine certificate.
Guernsey Letter of proof from the government of Guernsey showing you’ve been fully vaccinated.
Guyana Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Honduras Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Hong Kong Vaccine certificate.
Hungary EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Iceland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
India Vaccine certificate.
Indonesia Vaccine certificate.
Ireland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Isle of Man NHS COVID Pass or a letter of proof from the government of the Isle of Man showing you’ve been fully vaccinated.
Israel Vaccine certificate.
Italy EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Jamaica Vaccine certificate.
Japan Vaccine certificate.
Jersey Covid status certificate from the government of Jersey showing you’ve had a full course of an MHRA approved vaccine.
Jordan Vaccine certificate.
Kenya Vaccine certificate.
Kosovo Vaccine certificate.
Kuwait Vaccine certificate.
Latvia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Lebanon Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Lesotho Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Liechtenstein EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Lithuania EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Luxembourg EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Madagascar Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Malaysia Vaccine certificate.
Maldives Vaccine certificate.
Malta EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Mauritius Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Moldova Vaccine certificate.
Monaco EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Mongolia Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Montenegro Vaccine certificate.
Montserrat Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Morocco Vaccine certificate.
Namibia Vaccine certificate.
Nepal Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Netherlands EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
New Zealand Vaccine certificate.
Nigeria Vaccine certificate.
North Macedonia Vaccine certificate.
Norway EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Oman Vaccine certificate.
Pakistan Vaccine certificate.
The Occupied Palestinian Territories Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Panama Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Peru Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Philippines Vaccine certificate.
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Poland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Portugal EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Qatar Vaccine certificate.
Romania EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Rwanda Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
San Marino EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Saudi Arabia Vaccine certificate.
Serbia Vaccine certificate.
Seychelles Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Sierra Leone Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Singapore Vaccine certificate.
Slovakia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Slovenia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
South Africa Vaccine certificate.
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
South Korea Vaccine certificate.
Spain EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Sri Lanka Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
St Kitts and Nevis Vaccine certificate.
St Lucia Vaccine certificate.
St Vincent and the Grenadines Vaccine certificate.
Suriname Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Sweden EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Switzerland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Taiwan Vaccine certificate.
Tanzania Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Thailand Vaccine certificate.
Trinidad and Tobago Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Tunisia Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Turkey Vaccine certificate.
Turks and Caicos Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Uganda Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
Ukraine Vaccine certificate.
United Arab Emirates (UAE) Vaccine certificate.
Uruguay Will be added to this list 4am Monday 1 November. If you arrive in England before then you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.
USA CDC card showing you’ve had a full course of an FDA-approved vaccine in the USAplus proof that you are a resident of the USA.
Vatican City EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA
Vietnam Vaccine certificate.
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